If you’re 14-years-old and ready to work, or, you’re a parent who wants to help their child gain early work experience, you’ve come to the right place! There are plenty of opportunities for teens to gain exposure to the working world. In this article, we’ll go over the requirements needed to land your very first job.
The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) applies to all minor jobseekers on a national level. It has strict guidelines for 14 and 15-year-olds when it comes to joining the workforce. The required amount of hours are shorter and more lenient.
According to the Department of Labor, legal work hours for 14 and 15-year-olds are:
Hours vary per state. For instance, Florida asks for no more than 15 hours per school week instead of 18 hours. The number of hours cannot exceed the guidelines that the FLSA has implemented.
When it comes to salary, the FLSA requires employers to pay the federal minimum wage after 90 calendar days once they begin working. Companies have the option to pay less beforehand, but it’s not common practice.
To work as a 14-year-old, you may need to present some legal documents. After all, 14 is the minimum age to be able to join the workforce. Some states require a worker’s permit; others need age certificates if asked by your employer.
Here are the requirements to obtain a worker’s permit/age certificate:
A worker’s permit or age certificate is generally required to reduce employer liability. They also act as proof of age and protect you under the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA).
The FLSA is a guideline to how many hours a 14-year-old can work and what types of jobs they can get. Youths have to apply for jobs that are non-hazardous, non-manufacturing, and non-mining. As a rule of thumb, if there’s a job with any risk of injury, then it’s likely not suitable for a 14-year-old.
Fortunately, there are plenty of job opportunities for 14-year-olds that are considered safe. Some jobs range from working under an employer to being your own boss! Let’s take a look at some of them.
Retail and grocery stores are popular beginner jobs between 14 to 18-year-olds. It’s a great introduction to customer service and taking responsibility. These jobs vary from cashier, sales associate, stocker, barista, and more. Customer service is a valued skill that can be reflected positively on any resume, regardless of what job you apply for in the future.
Customer service helps you enhance the following skills: leadership, problem-solving, multitasking, organization, adaptability, persuasive speaking, patience, self-control, listening, and time management.
You can see why customer service jobs are popular for entry-level jobs. They grant an array of skills you can hone in just a short period of time. If you happen to get awarded or recommended by your employer, other companies will see you as trustworthy despite your age.
The national salary average for a store associate is $13.14. This makes to be roughly $27,325 a year. Many retailers are increasing their own minimum wage, such as Costco, whose new minimum is now $16.
Retail companies that hire 14-year-olds include Publix, Winn Dixie, Kroger, Stop & Shop, Giant Eagle, and Safeway. There can be more depending on what stores are locally found in your area.
The restaurant industry is also another popular entry-level choice for minors and young adults. If you enjoy working in a fast-paced environment and socializing with customers, then this job is for you! As a waiter/waitress, you must have the energy and strength to walk around quickly within the restaurant and carry plates. Some restaurants allow waiters to deliver food in carts.
As a waiter/waitress, you can quickly learn time management, multitasking, patience, problem-solving, listening, customer service, and more.
Your salary is mostly tip-based, which is dependent on the customer, or in some cases, restaurants charge a certain tip. The national wage average for waiters is $16 an hour, which is $33,911 a year. However, many waiters/waitresses tend to get paid on a lesser scale.
YouTubers have been on the rise ever since the late 2000s, and it’s come as no surprise that being a YouTuber is a popular choice in modern times, especially for kids. Anyone can become a YouTuber, and the best part is that you’re your own boss! It may be challenging to start your business at 14. Therefore, you should seek aid from family, friends, or the Internet. Many YouTube channels have a theme that reaches a specific audience. For example, popular channels consist of gaming, vlogging, comedy, and more.
To be a YouTuber, you’ll have to learn the following skills: managing a content calendar, creating thumbnails, editing videos, using editing software, graphic design, use recording software, tracking statistics, and more.
It’s a lot to keep up with, especially for a 14-year-old, but since you’re the boss, you get to set your own pace at learning these skills. They come in handy for jobs involving digital media, even if you’re no longer interested in being a YouTuber. Many modern jobs are becoming digitalized, and recruiters love candidates who can be a jack-of-all-trades.
There’s no determined salary as a YouTuber. It can range from pennies to millions. If you want to be in control of your own work, then look into this!
Some people are too busy to take care of their own dogs, so a dog walker is needed to take them out. Dog walkers are either independent or work for a business. Regardless, as a dog walker, you simply walk one or multiple dogs throughout the day. The duration of the walk and other details should be talked about with the client. A dog’s breed, for example, is something you need to know before you walk them.
While there isn’t a bunch of skills you can gain from this job, it still introduces you to responsibility and caretaking. If you love animals and feel safe walking the block, then this job is right for you.
A dog walker’s average national salary is $14 an hour, or $29,921 per year. This salary is dependent on whether you are getting paid by the client directly or through a business.
As a babysitter, you get to supervise children from another family. Just like a dog walker, this sort of job can be either independent or through a business. If you don’t mind being surrounded by kids and taking care of them, then you’ll like this job! You’ll need to follow the parents’ instructions to make sure each kid reaches their specific needs. Remote babysitting is also another option that you can explore.
Babysitting is a job anyone can take as long as you have the maturity and responsibility to handle children. Putting this on your resume will show that you’re extremely reliable and displays a sense of leadership. The type of skills you gain from babysitting can pave the way to a range of jobs like a teacher’s caretaker.
The national salary average of a babysitter is $17 an hour, or $34,835 per year. Babysitting is the type of job that will always be in demand for busy parents.
Tutors are personal instructors that operate independently or through a business. Usually, you visit your student’s homes and guide them through their weakest class subjects. If you know you’re really good at a particular subject or two, you should definitely look into being a tutor! Besides helping with homework, tutors provide their own lessons and work to strengthen your student’s weaknesses.
As a tutor, you’ll earn the following skills: leadership, independence, creativity, patience, positivity, giving criticism, problem-solving, and more. Each student, you tutor, brings a unique experience, which gives you the chance to flesh out skills you aren’t even aware of.
The national average salary for a tutor is $22 an hour, or $44,781 per year. You have the chance to influence your salary by showing any certifications in the subjects that you’re willing to teach.
If you live in a rural area where farms are common in your community, consider lending a helping hand. Though being a farmer’s assistant can require lots of physical work, you’re not required to commit to strenuous tasks or operate machinery. Things like crop picking are something a 14-year-old can do at a farm.
Working at a farm can bring lots of different experiences every day. It’s a job that always changes every day, and even more so when the farmer owns a local market as well. If you desire a fast-paced job that brings different experiences every day, then start looking at your local farms!
As a farmer’s assistant, you get to experience problem-solving, exercise, responsibility, leadership, customer service, and more.
The national average salary for a Farm Assistant is $14 an hour, or $29,922 per year. Look into this if you like to give back to the community!
Since it’s not common practice to hire 14-year-old workers, you may have to do additional research to see which companies hire in your local area. Here are some companies that definitely hire 14-year-olds anywhere in the United States.
Additionally, you can do your own business like babysitting, dog walking, car washing, vlogging, and more. Jobs that ignore the minimum age restrictions include working at your family business, babysitting, and acting.
You can find jobs for 14-year-olds either by visiting a physical estate or by applying online. You can find many opportunities for 14-year-olds on job sites like JobGet (link down below, of course!)
Remember to always research ahead of time and know your own state’s requirements when you apply as a 14-year-old. Good luck with your job search!
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